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Tobacco use in Michigan 2017

CIGARETTE USE

  • In 2015, the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults in Michigan was 20.7%. Nationally, the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults was 17.5%.
  • In 2015, 10.0% of high school students (12.5% of male high school students and 7.5% of female high school students) in Michigan smoked cigarettes on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, 10.8% of high school students smoked cigarettes on at least one day in the past 30 days.

Graph showing smoking rates in Michigan compared to the national average

OTHER TOBACCO PRODUCT USE

  • The prevalence of smokeless tobacco use among adults in Michigan was 4.2% in 2014.
  • In 2015, 6.2% of high school students in Michigan used chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, 7.3% of high school students used smokeless tobacco on at least one day in the past 30 days.
  • In 2015, 9.2% of high school students in Michigan smoked cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, 10.3% of high school students smoked cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars on at least one day in the past 30 days.
  • In 2015, 23.0% of high school students in Michigan used electronic vapor products on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, 24.1% of high school students used electronic vapor products on at least one day in the past 30 days.

Graph showing other tobacco product use among High School students in Michigan

ECONOMICS OF TOBACCO USE AND TOBACCO CONTROL

  • In FY2017, Michigan allocated $1.6 million in state funds to tobacco prevention, which is 1.4% of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Annual Spending Target.
  • Michigan received an estimated $1.224.5 billion in tobacco settlement payments and taxes in FY2017.
  • The health care costs in Michigan, directly caused by smoking, amount to $4.59 billion annually.
  • Michigan loses $4.78 billion in productivity each year due to smoking.

STATE TOBACCO LAWS

EXCISE TAXMichigan cigarette tax

  • The state tax increased to $2.00 per pack of cigarettes in July 2004. Michigan is ranked 15th in the United States for its cigarette tax. The national average cigarette tax is $1.71 per pack of cigarettes. The highest state cigarette tax is New York ($4.35) and the lowest state cigarette tax is Missouri ($0.17).
  • Cigars are taxed 32% of the wholesale price, not to exceed $0.50 per cigar. Non-cigarette smoking tobacco and smokeless tobacco are taxed 32% of the wholesale price.

CLEAN INDOOR AIR ORDINANCES

  • Smoking is prohibited in all government workplaces, private workplaces, schools, childcare facilities, restaurants, bars (allowed in cigar bars), retail stores, and recreational/cultural facilities. 
  • Smoking restrictions are required in casinos/gaming establishments (tribal establishments are exempt).

YOUTH ACCESS LAWS

  • The minimum age requirement for the purchase of tobacco products is 18, and penalties exist for both minors and merchants who violate this law.
  • Establishments are required to post signs stating that sales to minors are prohibited.

CESSATION STATISTICS AND BENEFITS

  • The CDC estimates that 54.6% of adult every day smokers in Michigan quit smoking for one or more days in 2014.
  • The Affordable Care Act requires all Medicaid programs cover all tobacco cessation medications beginning January 1, 2014.
  • Michigan’s state quitline invests $0.51 per smoker; the national average investment per smoker is $3.46.
  • Michigan does not have a private insurance mandate provision for cessation.

DOWNLOAD THE MICHIGAN FACT SHEET

*last updated: May 1, 2017