Tobacco use in California 2017
- In 2015, the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults in California was 11.7%. Nationally, the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults was 17.5%.
- In 2015, 7.7% of high school students (8.4% of male high school students and 6.8% of female high school students) in California smoked cigarettes on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, 10.8% of high school students smoked cigarettes on at least one day in the past 30 days.
OTHER TOBACCO PRODUCT USE
- The prevalence of smokeless tobacco use among adults in California was 1.6% in 2014.
- In 2015, 3.0% of high school students in California used chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, 7.3% of high school students used smokeless tobacco on at least one day in the past 30 days.
- In 2015, 6.8% of high school students in California smoked cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, 10.3% of high school students smoked cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars on at least one day in the past 30 days.
- In 2015, 21.4% of high school students in California used electronic vapor products on at least one day in the past 30 days. Nationally, 24.1% of high school students used electronic vapor products on at least one day in the past 30 days.
ECONOMICS OF TOBACCO USE AND TOBACCO CONTROL
- In FY2017, California allocated $75.7 million in state funds to tobacco prevention, which is 21.8% of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Annual Spending Target.
- California received an estimated $1.864 billion in tobacco settlement payments and taxes in FY2017.
- The health care costs in California, directly caused by smoking, amount to $13.29 billion annually.
- California loses $10.35 billion in productivity each year due to smoking.
STATE TOBACCO LAWS
- The state tax increased to $2.87 per pack of cigarettes in April 2017. California is ranked 9th in the United States for its cigarette tax. The national average cigarette tax is $1.71 per pack of cigarettes. The highest state cigarette tax is New York ($4.35) and the lowest state cigarette tax is Missouri ($0.17).
- All other tobacco products are taxed 28.95% of the wholesale price.
CLEAN INDOOR AIR ORDINANCES
- Smoking is prohibited in all government workplaces, private workplaces, public schools, and childcare facilities.
- Smoking restrictions are required in restaurants, bars, casinos/gaming establishments (tribal establishments are exempt), retail stores, and recreational/cultural facilities.
YOUTH ACCESS LAWS
- The minimum age requirement for the purchase of tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes, is 21; active duty military personnel are exempt. California is one of two states with a minimum age of 21 for tobacco products.
- Establishments are required to post signs stating that sales to minors are prohibited.
BASEBALL STADIUM LAWS
- The use of smokeless tobacco is prohibited in California’s five professional baseball stadiums.
LOCAL TOBACCO LAWS
- Berkeley prohibits the sale of flavored tobacco products, including menthol, within 600 feet of any school.
- Yolo County prohibits the sale of flavored tobacco products, including menthol.
- San Francisco and 8 other cities and counties in California have banned pharmacies from selling tobacco products.
- Beginning January 1, 2018, Sonoma County will require retailers to sell cigarettes for a minimum of $7 a pack.
- San Francisco caps the number of tobacco sales permits in each of the city’s eleven districts at 45 and new tobacco retailers are prohibited within 500 feet of a school or other retailer.
CESSATION STATISTICS AND BENEFITS
- The CDC estimates that 52% of adult every day smokers in California quit smoking for one or more days in 2015.
- The Affordable Care Act requires all Medicaid programs cover all tobacco cessation medications beginning January 1, 2014.
- California’s state quitline invests $1.61 per smoker; the national average investment per smoker is $3.46.
- California does not have a private insurance mandate provision for cessation.